Archive for the Kushites Category

History – Egyptology – Archaeology – Race and its Unimportance to me

Posted in Akaluka, Amenardes, Amenardis, Amenardus, Amenirdas, Amenirdies, Amenirdis, Amenirdis the Elder, Amenirdis the Great, Amonardis, Amonardus, Amonirdas, Amonirdies, Amonirdis, Amounirdies, Amunardis, Amunirdies, Amunirdis, Ancient Egypt, Archaeology, Black Supremacy, Color, Colour, Differences, Egypt, Egyptology, History, Khaneferumut, Kush, Kushite, Kushite Dynasty, Kushite Princess of Nubia, Kushite Queen, Kushites, Misr, Nubia, Nubian, Preposterous, Race, Religion, Similarities, Uncategorized, White Supremacy on February 12, 2009 by
I wouldn’t class myself as being particularly naïve but I’ve been a bit shocked whilst researching online at the lack of basic human decency and the attempts to ‘claim’ history for either one side, or the other, of the race debate.
When I dedicated my sites to Amenirdis I, I did so knowing that she was black – an ancient Kushite Princess with an enormous level of power politically and religiously. The fact that Amenirdis was black is irrelevant to me. What is so important is the amazing woman that she was – her lineage and her history, however confusing that may be at times for someone in the twenty-first Century trying to piece together her history.
By default, I found myself embroiled in an online conversation recently regarding race, black supremacy & white supremacy. It very quickly became obvious to me that supremacists of either ‘variety’, especially where ancient Egyptian history was concerned, were both as bad as each other.
I don’t wish to have my view of history tainted by the likes of either ‘type’ of supremacist not least because their attitudes to history and its facts (however vague at times) appear to be claimed by one ‘side’ or the other as trophies of some description. Ridiculous.
To those supremacists, of either ‘type’, I would suggest that you put away your personal agendas and look at ancient Egypt for exactly what it was – a wealth of wonderful and diverse peoples of varying different skin colours who all added to the magnificence of Upper and Lower Egypt.
I live in Luxor – within its wonderful modern-day diverse culture and I see the ‘modern Egyptians’ struggling with race, colour and religious differences, just as the ancient Egyptians did – some things don’t change 😦
Whilst I do not wear rose-tinted spectacles regarding the wars, the invasions and the barbaric cruelty of some periods of ancient history (no more obvious than in the present day!), I would like to think that I have a fairly balanced view of the ‘colour issue’. For me that issue is irrelevant when trying to gain an insight in to the way that people of ancient Egypt lived, ruled, loved and died. History has no colour and to suggest otherwise is, to me, preposterous.
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Pharaoh Piye of Dynasty XXV Taharqa Nubian Dynasty Kushite Dynasty Kush XXV Dynasty

Posted in Dynasty 25, King, Kush, Kushite Dynasty, Kushites, Nubian Dynasty, Nubians, Pharaoh, Piye, Taharqa, XXV, XXV Dynasty with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on February 11, 2009 by

“King Piye of Dynasty XXV, also known variously as Py, Piankhy and Piankh, reigned in Nubia for about 31 years between 747 and 716BC. He was the son of King Kashta and Pebatma, and married his sister, Peksater, and four other wives. Towards the end of the 8th Century BC, Egypt had grown so fragmented that the rulers at Napata (the capital of Nubia) sought to assert some control over it. In about 727, Piankhy began the absorption of Egypt. At that time, Tefnakhte, a ruler of various nomes in the western delta, advanced southward with a large army. Piankhy responded by marching his troops northward and defeated the Egyptians. Piye’s Victory Stela, a large, round-topped stela of grey granite, was discovered in 1862 in the ruins of the temple of Amun at Nepata at the foot of Gebel Barkal. This New Kingdom temple was much enlarged by Piankhy.

The Kushites did not view themselves as foreign invaders, but as restorers of order, reuniting the Two Lands in the names of the Egypytian gods. Piye ruled Egypt from the city of Napata. It is thought that Piye continued to reign as King of Upper Egypt for about 30 years, and that he never returned north to Egypt. Piye was buried in a pyramid at el-Kurru near Gebel Barkal, a site that would come to be occupied by the tombs of several later members of the dynasty.

Dynasty XXV is known as the Nubian or Kushite dynasty, and comprised five rulers. The fourth of these was Taharqa.

Taharqa’s (also spelled Tirhakah, Taharka, Manetho’s Tarakos) reign can be dated from 690 BC to 664 BC. At the age of sixteen, he led the Egyptian armiy against the invading Assyrians in defence of his ally, Israel. Scholars have identified him with Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia, who waged war against Sennacherib during the reign of King Hezekiah of Judah (2 Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9). 

In ca. 677 BC, the Assyrians, led by King Esarhaddon, attacked Egypt’s eastern frontier near Sile with the intent of invasion aimed to pacify Arab tribes around the Dead Sea. Here they were defeated by the army of Taharqa. Three years later, in 674 BC, they attacked again. This time they defeated Taharqa and captured Memphis. While Taharqa withdrew southward, probably to Nubia, the Assyrians seized the entire royal court, including the queen and the heir apparent to the throne, and transported them as captives to Nineveh. It is thought that Taharqa died in 664 BC and was buried in his pyramid at Nuri near Napata. He was a prolific builder in Memphis and Thebes, especially at the Temple of Amun at Karnak. He also rebuilt or erected anew temples and shrines throughout Nubia.

Upon his death, Taharqa was succeeded by his nephew, Tanwetamani (ca. 664 BC). He reinvaded Egypt with a Kushite army, captured Memphis and attacked the Delta. After he killed Necho I in battle, the Delta vassals recognized him as King of Egypt, while Psammetichus fled to Assyria. Within a year (ca. 663 BC), the Assyrians returned to quell this rebellion. Tanwetamani was quickly defeated, and he withdrew to Thebes. The Assyrians followed once again, whereupon he withdrew to Napata. In retribution, the Assyrians burned and sacked Thebes.

Tanwetamani never returned to Egypt, and any effective Kushite pretensions to the throne of Egypt ended forever. For his loyalty, the Assyrians installed Psammetichus I of the Twenty- sixth Dynasty as king of most of the Egyptian Delta.”

[Retrieved on 11 February 2009]
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